Formulas

SAM uses the following formulas to calculate student information:

  • Graded Words a Minute (GWAM) is GWAM = (characters keyed ÷ 5) ÷ minutes.
  • Counted Words a Minute (CWAM) is CWAM = [(characters keyed ÷ five ) – (errors times two)] ÷ minutes.
  • Goal CWAM = CWAM + 2
  • Goal GWAM = GWAM + 2
  • Accuracy Percentage = correct characters divided by total characters keyed.

Typing Error Legend

The following table lists and describes the various typing errors users may come across using Keyboarding in SAM.

Error Description Example
Missed word The missed word is highlighted in blue in the sentence.
Missed tab The missed tab is indicated by a blue arrow ()
Missed return The missed return is indicated by a blue return arrow ()at the end of the sentence.
Missed space The missed space is highlighted in blue.

Missed character

The missed character is highlighted in blue.

Missed punctuation

The missed punctuation is highlighted in blue.

Extra word

The extra word is highlighted in red.

Extra tab
Extra return The extra return is indicated by a red return arrow ().
Extra space

The extra space is highlighted in red.

Extra character

The extra character is highlighted in red.
Capitalization Incorrect capitalization is marked through by a red slash (/).

Wrong punctuation

Wrong punctuation is highlighted in red.
Transposed word Transposed words have a red tilde (~) between them.

Transposed character

Transposed characters have a red tilde (~) between them.